Research on stubble-mulch farming on winter wheat.

by Wendell C. Johnson

Publisher: U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in [Washington

Written in English
Published: Pages: 32 Downloads: 803
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Subjects:

  • Wheat research.,
  • Stubble mulching -- Texas -- Bushland.,
  • Stubble mulching.,
  • Wheat -- Research.

Edition Notes

SeriesConservation research report -- no. 16.
ContributionsDavis, Ronald G., United States. Agricultural Research Service.
The Physical Object
Pagination32 p.
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16039838M

Dr. O.S. Longman's research - Noble Foundation. - Regarding winter wheat, sale of trucks and trailers, job opportunities, etc. Includes C.S. Noble's brochure, "Why Winter Wheat". The Practice of Stubble Mulch Cultivation and The Noble Blade. - - 1 film reel. - Consists of a film, directed by Carly Stewart, about the. BIOLOGICAL SOIL CONSERVATION. Conservation Tillage. This umbrella term can include reduced tillage, minimum tillage, no-till, direct drill, mulch tillage, stubble-mulch farming, trash farming, strip tillage, plough-plant (for details see Mannering and Fenster ). Stubble-mulch farming was introduced in these areas in the wake of the Dust Bowl days to slow soil erosion. Almost immediately, researchers observed that in the wetter areas or years, yields of wheat were lower when the crop residue was left on the soil surface, which is typical of mulch tillage, than when it was buried, which is typical of. Sep 29,  · Soil Science Society of America Journal - Soil & Water Management & Conservation Influence of tillage management in a stubble mulch fallow-winter wheat rotation with herbicide weed control. years of dryland wheat farming in the Inland Pacific Northwest.

A. Precision agriculture is an emerging technology of great interest to the agricultural community. Techniques to facilitate adoption need to be developed. B. Nitrogen management of dryland cropping systems is vital for economic survival by producers. We will develop a better understanding of nitrogen budgets and cycling in our long-term dryland agroecosystems project. Tod HH () Stubble mulch farming and stubble mulch machinery in U.S.A. Report on study tour by Mr H. H. Tod (farmer) from ‘Poplar Farm’, Jondaryan, Queensland Department of Primary Industries. Ward LD, Norris CP () Conservation tillage systems in North America. A report on a study tour, July–August Cited by: The soil tillage system and the distribution of stubble catch crops increase the content of organic carbon, thus increasing the biochemical activity of soil. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of leguminous cover crops and different tillage soil systems before spring wheat sowing on the count of soil microorganisms, biochemical activity, microbiological diversity and the Author: Alicja Niewiadomska, Leszek Majchrzak, Klaudia Borowiak, Agnieszka Wolna-Maruwka, Zyta Waraczewska. Project Methods Tillage practices that retain residue on the soil surface typically improve water availability to crops by increasing infiltration and/or ameliorating micrometeorological factors that drive the evaporation process. Because of limitations in sensor technology, past research studying water storage and use by crops has not elucidated the tillage induced changes in short-term.

Free Online Library: Soil organic carbon variability and sampling optimization in Montana dryland wheat fields. by "Journal of Soil and Water Conservation"; Environmental issues Agricultural field experiments Analysis Dry farming Research Soil carbon Soils Carbon content. The essence of Farming Systems Research is to look at the whole farming operation to identify the constraints or bottle-necks before starting component research on parts of the system. Some other techniques should be mentioned, but are beyond the scope of this book, so references are given for the interested reader. Charlie Fenster: New building at High Plains Ag Lab named for him he learned that stubble mulch tillage methods could help manage sandy soils. Winter wheat grain yield and protein research. Compendium of deliverables of the conservation agriculture course Nele Verhulst, Juan Herrera, Amor Yahyaoui and Bram Govaerts (Editors) i Headquartered in Mexico, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (known by its Spanish acronym, CIMMYT) is a not-for-profit agriculture research and training organization.

Research on stubble-mulch farming on winter wheat. by Wendell C. Johnson Download PDF EPUB FB2

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That's right, all we need is the price of a paperback book to sustain a non-profit library the whole world depends on. In more humid areas of the Great Plains and in the Pacific Northwest, there may be substantial decreases in grain yield with stubble mulching.

These yield reductions with stubble mulch tillage are apparently due to decreased nutrient availability, particularly nitrogen, inadequate weed control, or a Cited by: EC Stubble-Mulch Wheat Farming Methods for Fallow Areas F.

Duley the research work on stubble-mulch farming done on this project. effective, the straw should be left anchored in the soil. stand on the soil through the winter, the residue will catch snow. Also, the mulch allows a high percentage of rainfall in take at all.

The latter problem is particularly important in dryland farming, which is defined as farming that requires cropping practices including adaptations to soil water deficiency during Cited by: 7.

Stubble-Mulch Tillage and Planting in Crop Residue in the Great Plains N. Woodruff, C. Fenster, W. Harris, and Marvin Lundquist Stubble mulch farming is extensively practiced in the Great Plains is winter wheat, it is harvested with.

Stubble Mulch The blade plow or sweep plow, a common tillage implement in the High Plains, cuts weeds at the roots and leaves most of the residue anchored at the surface with minimum disturbance of. Differences in downy brome (Bromus tectorum L.) control had been observed under field conditions of eastern Idaho when dates of stubble-mulch tillage, final rod weeding, and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) planting were varied.

This field-plot experiment on Tetonia silt loam (Pachic Cryoboroll-coarse, silty, mixed) tested the degree of downy brome control obtained with three initial Cited by: For other soils, plant-available soil water may be limited and irrigation or water conservation practices may be needed for successful crop production.

Management of crop residues to maintain them on the soil surface has generally increased water sciroccowinds.com by: Oct 24,  · "Stubble-mulch farming, spectacular in its recent spread across the West, has sound scientific support. In one form or another, it has been demonstrating its advantages on experimental plots and in isolated field trials for many years.

It is a practice that furthers the highest crop and livestock production compatible with the principle of soil security. It is a simple but effective method Author: L. Carter, G. McDole. Stubble mulch definition is - a lightly tilled mulch of plant residue used to prevent erosion, conserve moisture, and add organic matter to the soil.

Stubble mulch and other cultural practices for moisture conservation and wheat production at the Wheatland Conservation Experiment Station, Cherokee, OK, / (Washington, D.C.: Agricultural Research Service, U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, ), by Harley A. Daniel, Harry M. Elwell, and Maurice B. Cox (page images at HathiTrust). Oct 04,  · "Stubble-mulch farming, spectacular in its recent spread across the West, has sound scientific support. In one form or another, it has been demonstrating its advantages on experimental plots and in isolated field trials for many years.

It is a practice that furthers the highest crop and livestock production compatible with the principle of soil security. It is a simple but effective method Author: L.

Carter, G. McDole. The Dust Bowl era was the period of drought from to. R.G. Research on Stubble-Mulch. Farming of Winter Wheat, USDA Conservation Research. Downy Brome Control in Dryland Winter Wheat with Stubble-mulch Fallow and Seeding Management' T.

Masseea ABSTRACT Differences in downy brome (Bromus teetorum L.) con-trol had been observed under field conditions of eastern Idaho when dates of stubble-mulch tillage, final rod weeding, and winter wheat (Triticum nestivunt L.) plant-ing were.

Jointed goatgrass is well adapted to stubble-mulch or reduced tillage crop production, particularly in regions where climate limits cropping options to the winter wheat-fallow rotation or. The synergy of raised beds, controlled traffic, minimum tillage and stubble retention deliver higher water use efficiency in South West Victoria - Peries R, Gill J.

- Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research; Plan to succeed with stubble retention - October Grains Research & Development Corporation - Southern Farming Systems.

Whitman County, Washington, is one of the nation's primary producers of winter wheat. It also has some of the region's most erodible soil. The Food Security Act of provides incentives to protect soil on the cropland most likely to erode. Shown is a farmer using the stubble mulch tillage system.

The stubble that remains after harvest. Stubble-Mulch Farming for Soil Defense [US Department of Agriculture (USDA)] on sciroccowinds.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This document is part of the United States Department of Agriculture's Organic Roots Collection. Organic Roots is a collection of the historic United States Department of Agriculture.

The collection contains publications related to organic sciroccowinds.com: Paperback. News | UNL Panhandle Research & Extension Center. Fenster's research at HPAL on dryland farming practices has had a widespread and lasting impact on wheat yields, soil and water conservation, and profitability.

The long-term plots compare winter wheat and soil parameters (such as the fate of nitrogen) in a variety of tillage settings. Vadas, J.T. Sims, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Conservation tillage, contour cultivation, and deep plowing.

Conservation tillage, such as stubble mulch tillage, minimum tillage, reduced tillage, and no-till, leaves at least 30% of the soil surface covered by plant residue after planting to reduce erosion and surface runoff.

Other articles where Mulch tillage is discussed: agricultural technology: Mulch tillage: Mulch tillage has been mentioned already; in this system, crop residues are left on the surface, and subsurface tillage leaves them relatively undisturbed. In dryland areas, a maximum amount of mulch is left on the surface; in more humid regions, however, some of.

ed from stubble mulch than from plowing. What Are the Disadvantages of Stubble Mulch Farming. Weeds, especiallycheatgrass and volunteer wheat, may be more difficult to con­ trol. This is particularly true in wet seasons.

Protein content of wheat may be slightly lower. The combination of continuous cereal cropping, tillage and stubble removal reduces soil fertility and increases soil erosion on sloping land.

The objective of the present study was to assessment soil fertility changes under stubble removal and stubble retention in the Loess Plateau where soil is prone to severe erosion. It was indicated that soil N increased a lot for and two stubble retention Cited by: 2.

But the earlier-planted grazing wheat also takes more moisture. 'Wheat should help hold snow, but we've not been having enough moisture to get the wheat tall enough to stop much snow, and we've not been having much snow to be caught.' He controls weeds at first tillage after wheat harvest with a stubble mulch plow.

It has straight shanks on Research conducted by the Agricultural Machinery Research and. Design Centre at the University of South Australia, showed wheat stubble levels amount to times the grain yield, and start.

Stubble Management – an integrated approach. Take home messages. Stubble management requires an integrated management approach, combining. Stubble crop definition is - a crop (such as soybeans, buckwheat, turnips) sown on stubble after the grain is harvested for turning under as green manure.

DUST BOWL Farmers across the Great Plains [1] longed for rain during the spring of But day after day, the weather offered no relief, only intense sun, wind, drought, more sun, then gale-force winds. On April 14, massive clouds of dust blotted out the sun over western Kansas [2].

Chepil, W.S. Stubble mulching to control erosion. Proc. of the Great Plains Council Workshop on Stubble Mulch Farming, Lincoln, Nebraska; February Woodruff, N.P. The relative values and methods of measuring residues.

Proc. of the Great Plains Council Workshop on Stubble Mulch Farming, Lincoln, Nebraska; February Winter Wheat 23 Soybean 23 Source: L. Stone, Kansas State University, 15th Central Plains Irrigation Conference Proceedings, Feb.Colby, KS * No-till * Stubble Mulch.

Ground Cover Reduces Erosion. Soils, Soil Characteristics and Factors Affecting Management. Review Exercises 1. Which of the following is. A system of farming is described in which the residues of the crops grown on the land are used as a mulch to conserve soil and water.

Since the residue includes the stubble plus other parts of the crop, this kind of farming has come to be called stubble-rnulch farming. Instead of removing destroying or ploughing-under the residue it is left on the surface of the sciroccowinds.com by: 4.

Important heat transfer processes occurring on soil surface control the thermal environment within the topsoil layer and the boundary layer above. Soil management practices such as the application of mulches or the formation of a soil micro relief through tillage modify the thermal regime of soils.

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of soil tillage and the application of stubble Cited by: 5.Sep 14,  · Jointed goatgrass is a troublesome winter annual grass in winter wheat production systems in the western U.S.

This weed infests an estimated 2 million hectares of winter wheat and costs producers $45 million annually in reduced grain yield and quality.

Currently, there are no herbicides available that will control jointed goatgrass selectively in wheat.The furrow opening configuration used by no-till seeders can have a major effect on crop emergence in conservation tillage systems. This is particularly important in annual double-cropping regions (winter wheat and summer maize) of northern China where large volumes of residue remain on the soil surface after maize harvesting.

This problem has been investigated using 3 different opening Cited by: 6.